Covenants of the Bible
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The Complete Multimedia Bible based on the King James Version.
A solemn agreement,
such as the covenant between Jacob and Laban (Gen. 31:44). God's
love and grace are shown in his readiness to make covenants with
people. When God promised Noah that he would not again destroy the
world with a flood, he made a covenant with him (Gen. 6:18; 9:9-17).
A very important covenant existed between God and Israel (Exod.
24:1-8), which is pictured in the book of Hebrews as the "old
covenant." When the people repeatedly broke that covenant, God
promised a new covenant based on forgiveness and the writing of his
law on people's hearts.
The Six Covenants Below
1. Adamic Covenant
God permits Adam and Eve to eat freely of any tree in the Garden of Eden, except the tree of knowledge of good and evil (Gen. 2:16-17). However, they disobey this order and succumb to the serpent's temptation. They eat of the forbidden fruit, thereby gaining a knowledge of good and evil, injecting themselves into an ongoing struggle between God and Satan (i.e., the serpent; Rev. 12:9), and taking upon themselves the characteristics of this struggle between the goodness of God and the evil of Satan.
16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the
garden thou mayest freely eat:
According to scripture, Satan is a spiritual being with limited power who rebels against God and seeks to obtain equality with him (See: Isa. 14:12-13; Ezek. 28:13-19; Jude 6). For their disobedience (called "The Fall"), Adam and Eve are expelled from Eden under a decree that their lives will be filled with sorrow. God tells Adam that he must now work outside the garden tilling the soil which is cursed and overrun with thorns and thistles. Eve is told that she will have many children, but will also have sorrow when they are born (Gen. 3:16-19).
From dust they were formed, and to dust they will return (Gen. 3:19). There will be enmity between their descendants and Satan. One of their descendants will defeat Satan (bruise or crush the serpent's head), although Satan will wound his adversary (bruise his heel) (Gen. 3:15). As Cain is told, sin "lies at the door, and his desire is" to control the individual. One must gain control over him (Gen. 4:7).
As the number of children and grandchildren of Adam and Eve increases, they begin to "call upon the name of the Lord." (Gen. 4:26). Thus, God has made provision for humans to redeem themselves by doing well, gaining control over sin, and calling upon the name of the Lord. Eventual and complete victory over Satan through a descendant of Adam and Eve is assured.
2. Noahic Covenant
After the ark lands on Mount
Ararat, God makes a covenant with Noah and his descendants that the
ground will continue to give forth a harvest; the seasons will not
cease; Noah and his family are blessed and will be fruitful and
multiply and replenish the earth. God will not again destroy all
mankind with a flood. The rainbow will be the sign of the
everlasting covenant (Gen. 8:21-9:16).
Chapter 9 Genesis
1 And God blessed Noah and
his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and
replenish the earth.
3. Abrahamic Covenant
In about 2100 B.C., God makes a covenant with Abram and his wife Sarai (later changing their names to Abraham and Sarah) to the effect that they will become the founders of a great nation through a son who is to be born to them even though they are elderly. Abraham's name will be great, and in him all families of the earth will be blessed (Gen. 12:1-3). Abraham and Sarah will be the father and mother of many nations.
The covenant will apply to their son as well. Circumcision of all males will be the sign of the covenant. The land of Canaan will be given to them as a possession forever (Gen. 17:8-27), although their descendants will live in a strange land for 400 years before this happens (Gen. 15:13-16). This covenant is confirmed with their son, Isaac, and Isaac's son, Jacob (Gen. 26:4; 28:13-15). Jacob's name is changed to Israel by an angel of the Lord, because Jacob is considered as a prince having power with God (Gen. 32:28). The terms and conditions of this covenant are to be carried out by the tribes of Israel, that is, the descendants of Jacob's sons Judah, Benjamin, Levi, Joseph, Reuben, Simeon, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher (Gen. 48-49; Ex. 1:1-7).
4. Mosaic Covenant
In furtherance of the Abrahamic covenant, God calls out Moses in about 1450 B.C. to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. God makes a covenant with Moses and the Israelites that this is the time when they are to occupy the promised land. This covenant includes a code of laws beginning with the Ten Commandments; instructions for building a tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant; instruction on how to worship God and to obtain forgiveness of sin. The words of God are to be put down in writing and preserved within the Ark of the Covenant.
The terms and conditions of this covenant are in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The heart of the covenant is found in Dt. 28:20. If the Israelites keep the commandments and the law with heart and soul, they will be blessed both spiritually and materially. They shall become a nation above other nations. The covenant applies to them and to others not with them. But if the covenant is ignored, they will suffer dire consequences including dispersion to and captivity in other lands. If this should happen, provision is made for repentance, restoration of their relationship with God, and reestablishment of their nation.
5. Davidic Covenant
Some 400 years later God
makes a covenant with David, the king-prophet-poet of Israel. God
will make Israel secure. A temple is to be built for the Lord, but
it will be David's son who will build it. David's throne and
kingdom, and his son's, will be established forever (II Sam.
7:10-16). This covenant is confirmed with David's son,
In speaking to Solomon, God also includes a warning that if the Israelites do not follow the law as written, and if they serve other gods, the negative clauses in the Mosaic covenant will be enforced (I Ki. 9:3-9)
6. The New Covenant
About the same time as
Jeremiah's prophecy, Joel prophesies that the day will come when God
will pour out his spirit on all mankind; that whoever calls upon the
name of the Lord shall be a new spirit (Ezek. 36:26-27)
I am a Christian who believes in Jesus Christ
being the only way to heaven and to get there you have to give your
life to God and ask Jesus into your heart and ask Gods forgiveness
for all the things you have done wrong in your life. Please give
your life to God and enjoy eternity in Heaven.
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