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Covenants of the Bible

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A Page For The Friends

Excerpted from The Complete Multimedia Bible based on the King James Version.
Copyright (c) 1994 Compton's New Media, Inc.
It is really easy to use and you can look up words and it gives you notes on that subject,
this is what I wanted to share with other people.

 

Covenant

A solemn agreement, such as the covenant between Jacob and Laban (Gen. 31:44). God's love and grace are shown in his readiness to make covenants with people. When God promised Noah that he would not again destroy the world with a flood, he made a covenant with him (Gen. 6:18; 9:9-17). A very important covenant existed between God and Israel (Exod. 24:1-8), which is pictured in the book of Hebrews as the "old covenant." When the people repeatedly broke that covenant, God promised a new covenant based on forgiveness and the writing of his law on people's hearts.
Jesus inaugurated this new covenant with his blood (Mark 14:24; 1 Cor. 11:25).

The Six Covenants Below

1. Adamic Covenant

God permits Adam and Eve to eat freely of any tree in the Garden of Eden, except the tree of knowledge of good and evil (Gen. 2:16-17). However, they disobey this order and succumb to the serpent's temptation. They eat of the forbidden fruit, thereby gaining a knowledge of good and evil, injecting themselves into an ongoing struggle between God and Satan (i.e., the serpent; Rev. 12:9), and taking upon themselves the characteristics of this struggle between the goodness of God and the evil of Satan.

16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

According to scripture, Satan is a spiritual being with limited power who rebels against God and seeks to obtain equality with him (See: Isa. 14:12-13; Ezek. 28:13-19; Jude 6). For their disobedience (called "The Fall"), Adam and Eve are expelled from Eden under a decree that their lives will be filled with sorrow. God tells Adam that he must now work outside the garden tilling the soil which is cursed and overrun with thorns and thistles. Eve is told that she will have many children, but will also have sorrow when they are born (Gen. 3:16-19).

From dust they were formed, and to dust they will return (Gen. 3:19). There will be enmity between their descendants and Satan. One of their descendants will defeat Satan (bruise or crush the serpent's head), although Satan will wound his adversary (bruise his heel) (Gen. 3:15). As Cain is told, sin "lies at the door, and his desire is" to control the individual. One must gain control over him (Gen. 4:7).

 

As the number of children and grandchildren of Adam and Eve increases, they begin to "call upon the name of the Lord." (Gen. 4:26). Thus, God has made provision for humans to redeem themselves by doing well, gaining control over sin, and calling upon the name of the Lord. Eventual and complete victory over Satan through a descendant of Adam and Eve is assured.



 

 

 

 

2. Noahic Covenant

After the ark lands on Mount Ararat, God makes a covenant with Noah and his descendants that the ground will continue to give forth a harvest; the seasons will not cease; Noah and his family are blessed and will be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth. God will not again destroy all mankind with a flood. The rainbow will be the sign of the everlasting covenant (Gen. 8:21-9:16).
 

Chapter 9 Genesis

1 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.
2 And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.
3 Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things
4 But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.
5 And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man.
6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.
7 And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.
8 And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,
9 And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;
10 And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.
11 And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.
12 And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations;
13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.
14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud:
15 And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.
16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.
17 And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth

3. Abrahamic Covenant

In about 2100 B.C., God makes a covenant with Abram and his wife Sarai (later changing their names to Abraham and Sarah) to the effect that they will become the founders of a great nation through a son who is to be born to them even though they are elderly. Abraham's name will be great, and in him all families of the earth will be blessed (Gen. 12:1-3). Abraham and Sarah will be the father and mother of many nations.

The covenant will apply to their son as well. Circumcision of all males will be the sign of the covenant. The land of Canaan will be given to them as a possession forever (Gen. 17:8-27), although their descendants will live in a strange land for 400 years before this happens (Gen. 15:13-16). This covenant is confirmed with their son, Isaac, and Isaac's son, Jacob (Gen. 26:4; 28:13-15). Jacob's name is changed to Israel by an angel of the Lord, because Jacob is considered as a prince having power with God (Gen. 32:28). The terms and conditions of this covenant are to be carried out by the tribes of Israel, that is, the descendants of Jacob's sons Judah, Benjamin, Levi, Joseph, Reuben, Simeon, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher (Gen. 48-49; Ex. 1:1-7).

4. Mosaic Covenant

In furtherance of the Abrahamic covenant, God calls out Moses in about 1450 B.C. to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. God makes a covenant with Moses and the Israelites that this is the time when they are to occupy the promised land. This covenant includes a code of laws beginning with the Ten Commandments; instructions for building a tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant; instruction on how to worship God and to obtain forgiveness of sin. The words of God are to be put down in writing and preserved within the Ark of the Covenant.

The terms and conditions of this covenant are in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The heart of the covenant is found in Dt. 28:20. If the Israelites keep the commandments and the law with heart and soul, they will be blessed both spiritually and materially. They shall become a nation above other nations. The covenant applies to them and to others not with them. But if the covenant is ignored, they will suffer dire consequences including dispersion to and captivity in other lands. If this should happen, provision is made for repentance, restoration of their relationship with God, and reestablishment of their nation.

5. Davidic Covenant

Some 400 years later God makes a covenant with David, the king-prophet-poet of Israel. God will make Israel secure. A temple is to be built for the Lord, but it will be David's son who will build it. David's throne and kingdom, and his son's, will be established forever (II Sam. 7:10-16). This covenant is confirmed with David's son,
Solomon, after he is king of Israel.

In speaking to Solomon, God also includes a warning that if the Israelites do not follow the law as written, and if they serve other gods, the negative clauses in the Mosaic covenant will be enforced (I Ki. 9:3-9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6. The New Covenant

The Psalms and the writing prophets record God's desire for a right heart-attitude in worship as preferable to sacrifices and offerings made simply because they were prescribed by the Mosaic code. The people are called to magnify the name of the Lord, to repent, to be sorrowful for their sins, to seek God's forgiveness, which he will give because of his loving kindness (Ps. 40; Isa. 1:11-18). He will make an everlasting and merciful covenant applicable to everyone (Hos. 1:10; 2:23; Isa. 55:3-5; 61:8); a covenant of peace and safety (Ezek. 34:25).


In about 600 B.C., Jeremiah reports God's intention to put the new covenant in operation for a Jewish nation chastened and cleansed by their captivity in Babylon. This new covenant will not be according to the covenant made through Moses, which they broke. Under this new covenant, God will put his law in their "inward parts." No one will have to teach others to know the Lord, for all shall know him. He will forgive their iniquity and remember their sin no more (Jer. 31:31-34; see also Ezek. 36:33).

About the same time as Jeremiah's prophecy, Joel prophesies that the day will come when God will pour out his spirit on all mankind; that whoever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be a new spirit (Ezek. 36:26-27)
[NOTE: In the New Testament Jesus says that his is the blood of the new covenant (Lk. 22:20). In Hebrews 8-10, it is said that Jesus is the fulfillment of the new covenant set forth by Jeremiah, and that Jesus is the mediator of its terms.
In Acts 2:16-21, Peter declares the fulfillment of Joel's Prophecy.]

 

           

 

 

 

             

 

  I am a Christian who believes in Jesus Christ being the only way to heaven and to get there you have to give your life to God and ask Jesus into your heart and ask Gods forgiveness for all the things you have done wrong in your life. Please give your life to God and enjoy eternity in Heaven.

 

Celebrate Jesus
Something my Church does. Click on the link to find out how we do this.

 

          A question from my father to all who read these pages


Ephraim and Judah

While I was reading in the Book of Numbers Chapter 13 about the two spies who wanted to take the promise land and the other 10 did not want to go, I heard a voice say to me "look where the two spies are from who wanted to take the promise land".
Caleb was from the tribe of Judah and Joshua was from the tribe of Ephraim. I said I would have done that the other way,

I would of had Joshua from the tribe of Judah the same tribe as Jesus, both names have the same meaning, both lead people to the promised land and so I started a study about Ephraim and Judah.
I am coming to the conclusion that through these two tribes a total unification of all  Israel will come about with Jesus as the head.
Judah represents the Jews of today and Ephraim represents the church  (the true Christians).
Before the return of Jesus we will both be in Israel side-by-side for the last day events.
If God has revealed something like this to you or he is leading you to study something on the same line as this please let me know.

lshiplett@columbus.rr.com